There is no cure for nephrotic syndrome, but most children “outgrow” the disease by the time they reach late adolescence or early adulthood. In some cases, children with the condition will only suffer one attack, and after that, they will not be susceptible to the disorder. Fortunately, a number of treatment options are available for children with nephrotic syndrome, including the use of diuretics.
The first step to a diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome is a urine test. This test will determine the amount of protein in the urine and determine whether the kidney is functioning properly. Your doctor may also perform blood tests to rule out other diseases. If kidney disease is suspected, a biopsy may be done. Further treatments may be necessary. Some patients will require additional testing or surgery to address the condition.
Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by protein leakage from the kidneys. It can affect people of any age, although the disease usually first develops in children. Among children under the age of five, it affects more boys than girls. Families with allergies and Asian descent are also at risk for this condition. Most children with nephrotic syndrome will experience minimal change proteinuria in the early years. Drugs such as glucocorticoids or steroids may help control the symptoms, but if left untreated, it can progress to renal failure and require dialysis.
A lack of protein in the blood may cause a reduced flow of water in the blood, causing swelling. The swelling begins in the lower legs and eyes, and then spreads throughout the body. This condition can lead to a higher risk of infection, and can cause persistent proteinuria. Children with nephrotic syndrome can be at risk for cardiovascular disease. A high blood pressure and increased risk of stroke are other complications of nephrotic syndrome tunai4d..